If the events of recent weeks have demonstrated anything, it is that the Enlightenment ideals of reason and rationality cannot hold sway over the realities of belief and emotional irrationality. But that always was always a Hobson’s choice.
Is it true, as Rebecca Newberger Goldstein has stated, that “against the tendency toward nationalistic and sectarian mindsets we have no defense but the relentless application of reason?” If so, there’s no hope for the human race.
Belief and reason are actually two sides of the same coin–the irrationality and rationality of the human mind. Reason is obviously preferable to unreason, but “the relentless application of reason” is a wholly inadequate response to the crisis facing humankind.
No less a philosopher than Spinoza saw reason as “our only hope and

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